A c h i e v e m e n t s

Over the past 13 years, TIP has made remarkable achievements. For example, it is evident that there is a direct correlation between Soil and Water Conservation (SWC) and afforestation activities on one hand and an increase in farmers’ income on the other, leading to a higher yield per unit area. Farmers report that the adoption of SWC practices has led to an increase of two times as much profit per crop yield. As a result farmers have been motivated to farm high value crops in addition to the local variety. The advantages can be seen in the building of permanent houses, installation of electricity, increased household and local food supply, ability to buy clothing and to pay school fees. The success of the TIP package has resulted not only in the alleviation of poverty, but has led farmers to a higher socio-economic standard of living. Water User Associations are now requesting marketing skills to be included in the TIP package.

Multiplier Effects

Farmers. TIP areas of operation have become a training ground for farmers from other areas where traditional irrigation is practised. Often neighboring communities voluntarily copy TIP methods after seeing visible results. Innovative farmers participate in exchange visits, which allow them to share best practices and bring knowledge back to the villages.

Government. Through the successes of TIP the government is becoming aware of the advantages of community-based small irrigation.
In October 2001, the government introduced the National Irrigation Master Plan (NIMP).

The NIMP presents strategies for sustainable irrigation development up to year 2017. The Water User Groups concept and participatory approaches of TIP have been adopted in the NIMP.

Case Studies

Dec. 2004 Agricultural Marketing System Development Programme (PDF)
May 2004 Pipe Conveyance System at the Kwa Mlombola WUGs, Mwanga District (PDF)
Dec. 2003 Market Access and Market Linkage Training in Lushoto District
Oct. 2001 Geo-information for Interventions in Traditional Irrigation and
Environmental Improvement – A Case of North Pare, Tanzania.

Market Access and Market Linkage training in Lushoto district.
Farmers in Lushoto district adopted zucchini as a high value crop. The farmers from three Water Users Groups in Shashui Village, Lushoto district after TIP’s intervention obtained the following results of 87.5 –200 % increase in profits in about four months.

These farmers got different levels of harvest though they have the same acreage due to different agronomic practices that are done at individual level. Moreover, they have seen the importance of costing their production and this helps them determine the price of their produces.

Other studies indicate higher efficiency of about 40% in Lushoto district where farmers transported water across a valley using indigenous wooden aqueduct, but improved with modern low cost technology. The Ministry of Agriculture used the experiences of TIP to formulate guidelines of developing traditional and small-scale irrigation in Tanzania in 2003 and to develop the National Irrigation Master Plan 2002. TIP’s work and experiences have, in recent years, become popular for Universities of Dar es Salaam, Sokoine and Mzumbe for student’s field attachments and staff research. Since 2003, TIP is represented in the National Task Force (Irrigation Work Group) on District Agricultural Development Plans. As reported in the TIP quarterly Monitoring and Evaluation reports, farmers from various districts in the country make visits to TIP areas to learn.

Since the promotion of the participation of women is another one of TIP‘s main strengths, TIP has managed to break through certain traditions such as the taboo on women handling the water intake. Today, in communities where TIP intervened, 40% of women participate in Group Water Committees and have equal rights to water on their farms and are involved in decision-making. Another result of TIP intervention is an increase in school attendance and improved nutrition of around 80% and 40% respectively for smallholder farmers in groups that have received support from TIP. Significant reduction in poverty has been recorded in TIP areas. For example, poverty assessment in Mwanga District (2000–2004) shows significant improvements in people’s livelihoods of about 8% of the total population of the district of 115,620.